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The character's graphic novel incarnation has been described as "a fun, sassy, modern-day teen who is still hot on the heels of criminals." 63 When the 2007 film was released, a non-canon novelization of the movie was written to look like the older books. Two books were also written for the girl Detective and Clue crew series, both of which deal with a mystery on a movie set. In 2008, the girl Detective series was re-branded into trilogies and to have a model on the cover. These mysteries became deeper, with the mystery often spread across three books, and multiple culprits. These trilogies were also met with negative fan reception due to nancy's constant tegen mistakes, shortness of the books, and lack of action. With the new trilogy format, sales began slipping. In 2010, simon schuster then cut back from six Nancy Drew books per year, to four books per year. In December 2011, they finally announced that the series was cancelled along with the hardy boys Undercover Brothers series. 2013present: diaries edit This section needs expansion. You can help by adding.
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The On Campus books focus more on romance plots, and also centered around other characters; the mysteries were merely used as subplots. By reader request, nancy broke off her long-term relationship with boyfriend Ned Nickerson in the second volume of the series, On Her Own (1995). 28 54 Similar to the files series, reception for the On Campus series was also mixed, with some critics viewing the inclusion of adult themes such as date rape "unsuccessful". 55 56 Carolyn Carpan commented that the series was "more soap opera romance than mystery" and that Nancy "comes across as dumb, missing easy clues she wouldn't have missed in previous series". 57 The series was also criticized for focusing more on romance than on grades or studying, with one critic stating that the series resembled collegiate academic studying in the 1950s, where "women were more interested in pursuing. The "MRS" degree." 58 In 1997, simon schuster announced a mass cancellation of Nancy Drew and Hardy boys spin-offs, except ones for younger children. The files series ran until the end of 1997, while both the supermystery and on Campus series ran until the beginning of 1998. 20032012: Girl Detective and Graphic novels edit see also: Girl Detective in 2003, publishers Simon schuster decided to end the original Nancy Drew series and feature nancy's character in a new mystery series, girl Detective. The nancy Drew of the girl Detective series drives a hybrid car, uses a mobile phone, and recounts her mysteries in the first person. Many applaud these changes, arguing that Nancy has not really changed at all other than learning to use a cell phone. 59 Others praise the series as more realistic; Nancy, these commentators argue, is now a less-perfect and therefore more likable being, one whom girls can more easily relate to a better role model than the old Nancy because she can actually be emulated, rather than. 62 The character is also the heroine of a series of graphic novels, begun in 2005 and produced by papercutz. The graphic novels are written by Stefan Petrucha and illustrated in manga -style artwork by Sho murase.
incorporation of romance and "dilution of pre-feminist moxie." 52 One reviewer noticed "Millie mildred Wirt Benson purists tend. She is often pictured with an attentive, handsome male in the background, and frequently appears aware of and interested in that male. Nancy also becomes more vulnerable, being often chloroformed into unconsciousness, or defenseless against chokeholds. 53 The books place more emphasis on violence and character relationships, with Nancy Drew and Ned Nickerson becoming a more on-off couple, and both having other love interests that can span multiple books. The files also launched its own spin off. A crossover spin-off series with The hardy boys, titled the supermystery series, began in 1988. These books were in continuity with the similar Hardy boys spin-off, The hardy boys Casefiles. In 1995, nancy Drew finally goes to college in the nancy Drew on Campus series. These books read more similar to soap opera books, such as the Sweet Valley high series.
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48 These books continued to have the characters solve mysteries in the present day, while still containing the same basic formula and style of the books during the syndicate. Files, supermystery, and On kapen Campus edit main article: The nancy Drew Files main article: Supermystery main article: Nancy Drew on Campus The nancy Drew Files showcased a more mature version of the character, as seen on the cover of Hit and Run Holiday (1986). Here, nancy is in swimwear, in proximity to an attractive young man, rather than a clue. In 1985, as the sale of the Stratemeyer Syndicate to simon schuster was being finalized, simon schuster wanted to launch a spin-off series, that focused on more mature mysteries, and incorporated romance into the stories. To test whether this would work, the final two novels before the sale, the Bluebeard room and The Phantom of Venice, were used as backdoor pilots for the new series. The books read drastically different from the preceding novels of the past 55 years. For example, the Phantom of Venice (1985) opens with Nancy wondering in italics, " Am i or am I not in love with Ned Nickerson? " 49 Nancy begins dating other young men and acknowledges sexual desires: i saw you kissing him. You don't have to apologize to me if some guy turns you.' 'gianni doesn't turn me on! Won't you please let me explain. 50 The next year, simon schuster launched the first Nancy Drew spin-off, titled The nancy Drew Files.
The new books were bound in yellow with color illustrations on the front covers. Nancy's age was raised from 16 to 18, her mother was said to have died when Nancy was three, rather than ten, and other small changes were made. 28 housekeeper Hannah Gruen, sent off to the kitchen in early stories, became less a servant and more a mother surrogate. 45 Critics saw this Nancy of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s as an improvement in some ways, a step back in others: "In these new editions, an array of elements had been modified. And most of the more overt elements of racism had been excised. In an often overlooked alteration, however, the tomboyishness of the text's title character was also tamed." 46 Nancy becomes much more respectful of male authority figures in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, leading some to claim that the revised Nancy simply becomes too agreeable, and. Nancy learns to hold her tongue; she doesn't sass the dumb cops like she used." : Continuing the Original series edit harriet Adams continued to oversee the series, after switching publishers to simon schuster, until her death in 1982. After her death, Adams' protégés, nancy Axelrad and Lilo wuenn, and her three children, oversaw production of the nancy Drew books and other Stratemeyer Syndicate series. In 1985, the five sold the syndicate and all rights to simon schuster. Simon schuster turned to book packager Mega-books for new writers.
'nancy said' became 'nancy said sweetly 'she said kindly and the like, all designed to produce a less abrasive more caring type of character." 33 Many readers and commentators, however, admire this original Nancy's outspoken character. 34 A prominent critic of the nancy Drew character, at least the nancy of these early nancy Drew stories, 35 is mystery writer Bobbie ann Mason. Mason contends that Nancy owes her popularity largely to "the appeal of her high-class advantages." 36 Mason also criticizes the series for its racism and classism, 37 arguing that Nancy is the upper-class wasp defender of a "fading aristocracy, threatened by the restless lower classes.". The word dainty is a subversive affirmation of a feminized universe." 39 At bottom, says Mason, the character of Nancy Drew is that of a girl who is able to be "perfect" because she is "free, white, and sixteen" 17 and whose "stories seem. But adventure is the superstructure, domesticity the bedrock." 39 Others argue that "Nancy, despite her traditionally feminine attributes, such as good looks, a variety of clothes for all social occasions, and an awareness of good housekeeping, is often praised for her seemingly masculine traits. She operates best independently, has the freedom and money to do as she pleases, and outside of a telephone call or two home, seems to live for solving mysteries rather than participating in family life." : revisions at Grosset dunlap edit At the insistence. 41 Although Harriet Adams felt that these changes were unnecessary, she oversaw a complete overhaul of the series, as well as writing new volumes in keeping with the new guidelines laid down by Grosset dunlap. 3 The series did not so much eliminate racial stereotypes, however, as eliminate non-white characters altogether. 5 For example, in the original version of The hidden Window Mystery (1956 nancy visits friends in the south whose African-American servant, "lovable old beulah. Serves squabs, sweet potatoes, corn pudding, piping hot biscuits, and strawberry shortcake." 42 The mistress of the house waits until beulah has left the room and then says to nancy, "I try to make things easier for beulah but she insists on cooking and serving. I must confess, though, that I love." 43 In the revised 1975 version, beulah is changed to Anna, a "plump, smiling housekeeper". 44 Many other changes were relatively minor.
Heres how you can be in his next film23 nevertheless, some commentators find no significant difference between the different permutations of Nancy Drew, finding Nancy to be simply a good role model for girls. 24 Despite revisions, "what hasn't changed, however, are nancy's basic values, her goals, her humility, and her magical gift for having at least nine lives. For more than six decades, her essence has remained intact." 25 Nancy is a "teen detective queen" who "offers girl readers something more than action-packed adventure: she gives them something original. Convention has it that girls are passive, respectful, and emotional, but with the energy of a girl shot out of a cannon, nancy bends conventions and acts out every girl's fantasies of power." 26 Other commentators see nancy as masquintense "a paradox—which may be why feminists. They went through several changes in early years: leaving the orange lettering with no outline and adding an orange silhouette of Nancy peering through a magnifying glass; then changing to a lighter blue board with dark blue lettering and silhouette; then changing the position. Nancy Drew is depicted as an independent-minded 16-year-old who has already completed her high school education (16 was the minimum age for graduation at the time the series also occurs over time, as she is 18 by the early 1940s. Apparently affluent (her father is a successful lawyer she maintains an active social, volunteer, and sleuthing schedule, as well as participating in athletics and the arts, but is never shown as working for a living or acquiring job skills. Nancy is affected neither by the Great Depression—although many of the characters in her early cases need assistance as they are poverty-stricken—nor by world War. Nancy lives with her lawyer father, carson Drew, and their housekeeper, Mrs. Some critics prefer the nancy of these volumes, largely written by mildred Benson. Benson is credited with "breathing. A feisty spirit into nancy's character." 28 The original Nancy Drew is sometimes claimed "to be a lot like benson herself confident, competent, and totally independent, quite unlike the cardboard character that Edward Stratemeyer had outlined." 29 This original Nancy is frequently outspoken and authoritative.
Nancy is often described as a super girl. In the words of Bobbie ann Mason, she is "as immaculate and self-possessed as a miss America on tour. She is as cool as Mata hari and as sweet as Betty Crocker." 17 Nancy is well-off, attractive, and amazingly talented: At sixteen she 'had studied psychology in school, and was familiar with the power of suggestion and association.' nancy was a fine painter, spoke. She was a skilled driver who at sixteen 'flashed into the garage with a skill born of long practice.' The prodigy was a sure shot, an excellent swimmer, skillful oarsman, expert seamstress, gourmet cook, and a fine bridge player. Nancy brilliantly played tennis and golf, and rode like a cowboy. Nancy danced like ginger Rogers and could administer first aid like the mayo brothers. 18 Nancy never lacks money, and in later volumes of the series often travels to faraway locations, such as France in The mystery of the 99 Steps (1966 nairobi in The Spider Sapphire mystery (1968 austria in Captive witness (1981 japan in The runaway bride. Nancy is also able to travel freely about the United States, thanks in part to her car, which is a blue roadster in the original series and a blue convertible in the later books. 19 Despite the trouble and presumed expense to which she goes to solve mysteries, nancy never accepts monetary compensation; however, by implication, her expenses are often paid by a client of her father's, as part of the costs of solving one of his cases. 20 evolution of character edit see also: Category:Nancy Drew characters The character of Nancy Drew has gone through many permutations over the years. The nancy Drew Mystery series was revised beginning in 1959; 21 with commentators agreeing that Nancy's character changed significantly from the original Nancy of the books written in the 1930s and 1940s. 22 Commentators also often see a difference between the nancy Drew of the original series, the nancy of The nancy Drew Files, and the nancy of Girl Detective series.
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Supreme court Justices, sandra day o'connor 10 and Sonia sotomayor to former Secretary of State hillary rodham Clinton 11 and former First Lady laura bush. 12 Feminist literary critics have analyzed the character's enduring appeal, arguing variously that Nancy Drew is a mythic hero, an expression of wish fulfillment, 13 or an embodiment of contradictory ideas about femininity. 14 Contents Character edit nancy neurobion Drew is a fictional amateur sleuth. In the original versions of the series, she is a 16-year-old high school graduate, and in later versions, is rewritten and aged to be an 18-year-old high school graduate and detective. In the series, she lives in the fictional town of river heights 15 with her father, attorney carson Drew, and their housekeeper, hannah Gruen. 16 As a child (age ten in the original versions and age three in the later version she loses her mother. Her loss is reflected in her early independence—running a household since the age of ten with a clear-cut servant in early series and deferring to the servant as a surrogate parent in later ones. As a teenager, she spends her time solving mysteries, some of which she stumbles upon and some of which begin as cases of her father's. Nancy is often assisted in solving mysteries by her two closest friends: cousins Bess Marvin and george fayne. Bess is delicate and feminine, while george is a tomboy. Nancy is also occasionally joined by her boyfriend Ned Nickerson, a student at Emerson College.
4 5, in the revision process, the heroine's original character was changed conditioner to be less unruly and violent. 6, in the 1980s, an older and more professional Nancy emerged in a new series, The nancy Drew Files, that included romantic subplots for the sleuth. 7, the original, nancy Drew Mystery Stories series started in 1930, and ended in 2004. Launched that same year, the. Girl Detective series features Nancy driving a hybrid electric vehicle and using a cell phone. Girl Detective series ended, and a new current series called. Nancy Drew diaries was launched. Illustrations of the character evolved over time to reflect contemporary styles. 8, the character proves continuously popular worldwide: at least 80 million copies of the books have been sold, 9 and the books have been translated into over 45 languages. Nancy Drew is featured in five films, two television shows, and a number of popular computer games; she also appears in a variety of merchandise sold around the world. A cultural icon, nancy Drew is cited as a formative influence by a number of women, from.
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This article is about the fictional character. For the film, see. Nancy Drew (2007 film). For the 1977 television series, see. The hardy boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries. Nancy Drew is a fictional American character in android a mystery fiction series created by publisher, edward Stratemeyer as the female counterpart to his. The character first appeared in 1930. The books are ghostwritten by a number of authors and published under the collective pseudonym, carolyn keene. 2, over the decades, the character evolved in response to changes in us culture and tastes. The books were extensively revised and shortened, beginning in 1959, in part to lower printing costs 3 with arguable success.